DMK Heritage

History of Montgomery County, Md

THE HISTORY

OF

MONTGOMERY COUNTY,

MARYLAND,

FROM ITS

Earliest Settlement in 1650 to 1879:

THE EARLY LAND GRANTS.--BY WHOM PATENTED.--THEIR ORDER OF

SETTLEMENT AND PRESENT OWNERS.----LOCAL AND GENERAL

EVENTS.----LEADING INCIDENTS.--PRINCIPAL TOWNS,

VILLAGES, &C.----ITS SOIL, PRODUCTS, AND

INDUSTRIES. ALSO,

SKETCHES OF THE PROMINENT MEN OF THE COUNTY.

DIRECTORY

OF POST OFFICES, MERCHANTS, MANUFACTURERS, PROFESSORS,

FARMERS, TOBACCO PLANTERS, MECHANICS, MILLS,

COLLEGES, SCHOOLS, AND CHURCHES.

WITH AN APPENDIX,

CONTAINING A DESCRIPTION OF THE PROMINENT BUSINESS HOUSES

OF WASHINGTON AND GEORGETOWN.

COMPILED AND ARRANGED FROM AUTHENTIC SOURCES,

BY

T. H. S. BOYD,

CLARKSBURG, MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND

1879.

This CD has 247 pages including a 11 page index. The original book contained 171 pages in the original font.

CHAPTER 1. The Aborigines or Indians

Their customs and habits. Treatment of strangers. Treatment of enemies. Their vices. Marriages. Indian huts or wigwams. Dress. Religious ceremonies, etc.

CHAPTER II. The Indians Continued

Their amusements. War Dances. Hunting and Fishing their chief employment. Dances. The Calumet. Diseases. The medicine men or doctors. Death and burials. Lord's Prayer in their native language, etc.

CHAPTER III

The Founder of Maryland. Granting of the Charter. Powers conferred by the Charter. Sailing of the Colonists. Arrival in the Chesapeake Bay. Landing on Blackiston Island. Settlement at St. Mary's. Friendly relations secured with the Indians. Extending the settlements to St. George's and Montgomery. Peace and Prosperity. Missionaries. A period of Thirty Years.

CHAPTER IV

Climate and Productions. Tobacco and Corn, staple productions. Oysters, Game and Fish. Indentured Whites. Slaves introduced from Virginia. Tobacco the medium of barter and exchange. Tobacco shipments. Silver coins. Fruit and Cider. Mails. Quakers or Friends. Indians. Toleration.

CHAPTER V. Land Grants

Joseph's Park. Girl's Portion. Leeke Forest. Hermitage. Saint Winexburg. Carroll's Forest. Dan. Brightwell's Hunting Quarter. Clean Drinking. Bear Neck. Maiden's Fancy. Bear Bacon. Friendship. Charles and Thomas.--Friendship. Clagett's Purchase. Huntington. Contention. Bradford's Rest. Addition to Bradford's Rest.--Bradford's Rest. Dung Hill. Thompson's Hop Yard. Cool Spring Level. Allison's Park. Archibald's Lot.--Younger Brother. Dispute. Two Brothers. The New Exchange. Addition to Dan. Joseph and James.

CHAPTER VI. Land Grants Continued .

Easy Purchase. Friendship Enlarged. Drumaldry Lay Hill. Snowden's Manor. Snowden's Manor Enlarged. Charles and Benjamin. George the Third. Beall's Manor. Beall Christie. Bear Garden Enlarged. Deer Park. Snowden Mill. Charley Forest. Addition to Charley For est. Hygham. Gold's Branch. Gitting's Hah! Hah! ! Bordley's Choice. Brooke Grove. Addition to Brooke Grove. John and Sarah. Benjamin's Lot. New Year's Gift. Autra Easy Come By. Mill Land. Boyd's De lay. Magruder's Hazard. Paradise. Bernard's Desire. Wickham and Pottinger's Discovery. Partnership. The Brothers' Industry. Deer Park. Fellowship. Constant Friendship.

CHAPTER VII. Land Grants Continued

Wickham's Good Will. The Joseph. Middle Plantation.--Magruder and Beall's Honesty. Clewerwald Enlarged.--Goose Pond. Bear Den. Prevention. Saint Mary's.--Valentine's Garden Enlarged. Re survey on Valentine's Garden Enlarged. Haymond's Addition. Concord. Hanover. Flint's Grove. Happy Choice. Hopewell. Jeremiah's Park. Partnership. The Re survey on Part of Forest. Banks' Venture. Abraham's Lot. Killmain.--John's Delight. Conclusion. Turkey Thicket. Benjamin's Square. Spring Garden. Abel's Levels. Moore's Delight. Pork Plenty, if no Thieves. Chestnut Ridge.--Ralfo. Grandmother's Good Will. Cow Pasture. Peach Tree Hill. Errors Corrected. Very Good. Bite the Biter.--Silent Valley. Trouble Enough Indeed.

CHAPTER VIII

Frederick City. Georgetown, D. C. Tobacco. Rolling Roads. French War. Defeat of General Braddock. Massacre of the Settlers. The Revolution. Meeting at old Hungerford Tavern. Resolutions. Formation of Montgomery County. Named after General Richard Montgomery.--Rockville, the County Seat. Districts of the County.--Orphans' Court. Registers of Wills. Members of the State Convention.

CHAPTER IX

A Period of One Hundred and Forty Years. The First Continental Congress. Maryland Convention. -Enrollment and Organization of Companies. The First Blood shed in the Revolutionary War, 19th April, 1775. Captain Cresap's Company. Their bravery in battle. Powder Mills. Cannon Manufactories. Contingent called from Montgomery County. The deeds of prowess in Virginia and the Carolinas. Revolutionary Officers from the County. The War of 1812. Distinguished Officers in the War of the Rebellion.

CHAPTER X .

First Revolutionary Soldier. Montgomery's Revolutionary Roll. Pension Acts. Names of Pensioners. Meteoric Showers, as witnessed at the home of Charles Saffell, the Oldest Pensioner on the List. Scenes in Gaithersburg and Rockville.

CHAPTER XI

First Member of Congress from this County. Whiskey Insurrection in Pennsylvania. Names of Montgomerians who served in the Federal Congress. Hon. Montgomery Blair as Cabinet Minister. Members of Reform State Conventions, 1850 51,164, '67. First County Surveyor. First Schools.--An Act for Purchasing School Property. Academies, Colleges, &c., and their Students.

CHAPTER XII.--Prominent Men

First Public Roads. Rolling Tobacco to Market. Union Turnpike. Washington, Colesville and Ashton. Columbia. The Old Baltimore. River Road. Old Annapolis. Conduit. Old Potomac Company. Subscriptions to said Company. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Coal Elevators in Georgetown. First Railroad in the Country. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Metropolitan Branch.

CHAPTER XIII. Prominent Men--Continued

Col. John Berry. Elisha Riggs. Samuel Riggs. -Mrs. Ann Poultney. Philip E. Thomas. Rev. Reuben T. Boyd.--His Ordination as Minister of the Gospel. His Certificate to perform marriage, signed by General Wm Henry Harrison. John C. Clark. George R. Gaither. Israel H. B., and A. and R. B. Griffith. Thomas L. Reese. William Dame.--Rev. Thomas McCormick. Thomas Moore. Caleb Bently. Isaac Riggs. Roger Brooke. Hon. Francis P. Blair.--Robert Pottinger. Dr. William Bowie Magruder. Major George Peter. Drs. Duvall. Tobacco Inspectors. Robert Sellman. Thomas B. W. Vinson.--Triadelphia Cotton Factory.

CHAPTER XIV. Prominent Men Continued

HON. GEO. W. HILTON.-WILLIAM Dame, of Mountain View.--Prof. Benjamin Hallowell. Hon. Allen Bowie Davis. Ed ward Stabler.-W. T. R. Saffell.-Francis Cassott Clopper.--William Wilson. Leonidas Wilson. Hon. Thomas Lansdale. Dr. Richard Waters. John S. Belt. Hon. Richard Waters, and others.

CHAPTER XV

Boundaries of the County. Building Stone. Roofing Slate.--Gold. Chrome. Quantity of Land and its Value. Number of Horses and other Cattle. Farm Productions for 1878.--Intellectual, Social and Agricultural Institutions. Population from 1790 to 1870. Society of Friends. Improvements at the close of the Internecine War. Influence of the Metropolitan Railroad.

PRESENT OFFICERS OF THE COUNTY

CHAPTER XVI. Apiculture. Peach Culture

Keeping and Propagation of Bees. Process of removing Honey, without destroying Bees. Principal Bee Raisers in the County. Peach Trees. Propagation of Trees. List of desirable varieties.

CHAPTER XVII. The Washington Grove Camp Ground

Incorporators. Objects. Location. Present and Past Officers. Cottages. Tents. Owners.

DIRECTORY OF TOWNS AND VILLAGES,

INCLUDING THE POST OFFICE ADDRESS OF MERCHANTS, FARMERS, & C Barnesville

Beallsville

Bethesda

Boyd's

Brighton

Brookeville

Burtonsville

Cabin John

Cedar Grove

Clarksburg

Colesville

Damascus

Darnestown

Dawsonville

Dickerson

Edwards' Ferry

Fairland

Four Corners

Gaithersburg

Germantown

Goshen

Great Falls

Hyattstown

Hunting Hill

Knowles

Laytonsville

Martinsburg

Middlebrook

Monocacy

Montrose

Norbeck

Offutt's + Roads

Olney

Poolesville

Redland

Rockville

Sandy Springs

Sellman's

Seneca

Sligo

Spencerville

Sunshine

Triadelphia

Wheaton

White's Ferry

DIRECTORY OF PROMINENT MERCANTILE FIRMS.

GEORGETOWN, D. C.

Index:

Abert, Adam, Adams, Adamson, Addison, Allison, Allnutt, Almony, Anderson, Andrews, Ansley, Appleby, Arlow, Ashley, Austin, Ayton, Bacon, Bagley, Bailey, Baker, Ball, Ballendine, Banks, Barber, Barbour, Barnes, Barnesley, Barnhouse, Barnsly, Barrett, Barron, Barry, Bartlett, Batchelor, Bayley, Bayly, Beale, Beall, Bean, Beane, Beatty, Beckwith, Bedle, Bell, Belt, Bennett, Benson, Bensons, Bentley, Bently, Benton, Bernard, Berry, Biays, Biggs, Black, Blackwith, Blair, Blake, Blunt, Boarman, Boher, Bohrer, Bolinger, Bond, Bone, Bonifant, Bordley, Boswell, Boteler, Bouic, Bowie, Bowlen, Bowman, Boyd, Bozzell, Braddock, Bradford, Bradley, Bradshaw, Bradt, Brall, Bready, Breaton, Brengle, Brewer, Brewers, Brian, Briggs, Brightwell, Briscoe, Brooke, Broon, Brown, Browning, Browns, Buchanan, Budd, Buff, Buoy, Burch, Burdett, Burdette, Burgdorf, Burgess, Burns, Burr, Burriss, Burroughs, Burton, Buxton, Byrd, Byrne, Cadle, Calvert, Calvin, Campbell, Canby, Carley, Carlin, Carr, Carroll, Carslisle, Carson, Carter, Case, Cashell, Cator, Cavan, Cecil, Chaney, Chapline, Chase, Cheswell, Chichester, Chiderson, Childs, Chiswell, Chittam, Chrismond, Cissel, Clagett, Clagette, Claggett, Clapham, Clark, Clayborne, Clemens, Clement, Clements, Clopper, Coats, Cochran, Codwise, Cohen, Cole, Coleman, Collier, Colliflower, Connell, Connelly, Conner, Cook, Cooke, Cooley, Coomes, Cooms, Cooper, Corrick, Counselman, Cowley, Cox, Crabb, Craig, Cramer, Cramphin, Crampton, Crawford, Cresap, Cromack, Cromwell, Cropley, Crosedale, Cross, Crown, Culver, Cunningham, Curtin, Curtis, Dade, Darby, Darbys, Darnall, Darne, Davidson, Davis, Dawson, Dawsons, Day, Deakins, Dean, Dentze, Dessellum, Devilbiss, Diamond, Dick, Dickerson, Dickinson, Diggins, Diggs, Dixon, Dodd, Dodge, Dolbeck, Dorsey, Dorseys, Dove, Down, Draine, Dronenberg, Duffy, Dulaney, Dulany, Duly, Dunlap, Dunlaps, Dutrow, Duvall, Dwyer, Dyson, Easton, Eccleston, Edmondson, Edmonson, Edmonston, Edwards, Elgin, Ellicott, Ellzey, Emery, England, Engle, Ervin, Etchison, Etting, Evans, Farquhar, Fawcett, Federline, Fee, Fenwick, Field, Fife, Fish, Fisher, Flach, Flack, Flaherty, Fleet, Fletchall, Fletchers, Fling, Flint, Forrest, Forward, Fox, Frankland, Frye, Fulks, Gaither, Gaithers, Galloway, Galworth, Gardiner, Gardner, Garrett, Gartrell, Gartrells, Gassaway, Gassaways, Gattrel, Gattrell, Gautz, Gentner, George, Gibbons, Gibson, Gilbert, Gill, Gilpin, Gingel, Gittings, Glaizes, Gleghorn, Gloyd, Goldsborough, Gordon, Gott, Grady, Graff, Grant, Green, Griffith, Grimes, Groome, Gue, Hagerty, Hall, Hallowell, Halmard, Halpin, Hamilton, Hance, Haney, Hanson, Hardesty, Harding, Hardy, Harness, Harris, Harriss, Hartley, Hartshorne, Harvey, Harwood, Haviland, Hawkins, Hayes, Haymond, Hays, Heffener, Heirberger, Heley, Hellen, Hempston, Hempstone, Hemstone, Henderson, Henkle, Hepburn, Herding, Herr, Hershey, Herwood, Hickman, Hiffiner, Higdon, Higgins, Hill, Hillard, Hilton, Hodges, Hogan, Holland, Holmard, Holmes, Homer, Hopkins, Hoskinson, Houck, Housen, Housholder, Howard, Hoyle, Hudleston, Hudson, Hughes, Hume, Hungerford, Hunt, Hunter, Hurdle, Hurley, Hurst, Hutchinson, Hutton, Huttons, Hyatt, Hyde, Hyndman, Iddings, Iglehart, Ijams, Ireland, Israel, Jackson, Jacobs, Jacques, Jarboe, Jay, Jenifer, Johns, Johnson, Jones, Joseph, Joy, Kaiser, Keith, Keizer, Kemp, Kenny, Key, Keys, Keyser, Kilgore, Kilgour, King, Kings, Kinsey, Kirby, Kircher, Kirk, Kisner, Kleindienst, Knott, Knowles, Kohlhoss, La Mar, Lacy, Laird, Lamar, Lancaster, Laney, Langley, Lannan, Lansdale, Laurer, Lawman, Lawrence, Lawson, Layman, Layton, Lea, Leaman, Leannarda, Leapley, Leather, Lee, Leeke, Leizer, Lemon, Lester, Lewis, Libbey, Lincoln, Lindsay, Lingan, Linkins, Linthicum, Litton, Lodge, Loehte, Lohr, Long, Loughborough, Lowe, Luhn, Lyddam, Lyddane, Lynch, Lynn, Mackall, Mackmahon, Maddox, Magruder, Majors, Manakee, Manion, Mankin, Marlow, Marshall, Martin, Massey, Masters, Matthews, Maus, May, Maynard, Mcatee, Mccabe, Mccomick, Mccormick, Mccubbin, Mcdade, Mcdermott, Mcgary, Mckenzie, Mclane, Mcmahan, Mcnamara, Mcquade, Meesie, Meesne, Meigs, Mercer, Merritt, Merriweather, Metzger, Miles, Milford, Miller, Millers, Mills, Mineburg, Mitchell, Mobley, Montgomery, Moore, Moran, Morgan, Morris, Mosburg, Moulden, Mount, Moxley, Mueller, Mulfinger, Mulican, Mullican, Mullinix, Muncaster, Murdock, Murphey, Murphy, Muss, Mussel, Myers, Nailor, Neal, Needham, Neills, Nelson, Newlin, Nicholls, Nichols, Noland, Norress, Norris, Oden, Offutt, Ogdon, Olin, O'neal, Orendorf, Orme, Orndorf, Orndorff, Owen, Owens, Owings, Oxley, Paca, Packer, Page, Palmer, Parker, Parsley, Patten, Peabody, Pearre, Peirce, Penefill, Penn, Perrie, Perry, Perrys, Peter, Peters, Phair, Philburn, Phillips, Picking, Pierce, Pilling, Plaix, Plater, Platers, Plummer, Plyer, Pool, Poole, Pope, Porter, Poss, Pottinger, Poultney, Powell, Prettyman, Price, Pugh, Pumphrey, Pumphreys, Purdum, Purdums, Pyles, Rabbitt, Ramhouse, Ramier, Randolph, Rawlings, Ray, Redman, Reed, Reese, Reichter, Reid, Reigle, Reintzell, Remsburg, Renshaw, Reynolds, Rhine, Rhoe, Rice, Rich, Richardson, Ricketts, Ridgely, Ridout, Riely, Riggles, Riggs, Riley, Ringgold, Robbins, Roberts, Robey, Roby, Rogers, Rose, Ross, Routzhan, Rozier, Rozzell, Ruff, Russell, Rutherford, Rye, Ryneal, Sadtler, Saffell, Saunders, Schaeffer, Schaffer, Scheckles, Schmitt, Schofield, Scholl, Scofield, Scott, Selby, Sellman, Shaw, Shekell, Sheppard, Sherman, Shields, Sibley, Simmons, Simpson, Skinner, Small, Smallwood, Smith, Smoot, Snowden, Snyder, Soaper, Somerville, Sommers, Soper, Spates, Spencer, St. Clair, Stabler, Stallings, Stang, Stanton, Steam, Steele, Stephen, Stephenson, Stewart, Stinemetz, Stockton, Stoddart, Stone, Stonestreet, Storm, Stott, Strain, Straub, Stubbs, Sullivan, Summers, Suter, Tabler, Talbot, Talbott, Taney, Tayac, Taylor, Tenney, Thelin, Thirikeld, Thomas, Thompson, Thomson, Tilghman, Titus, Tolbert, Townsend, Trail, Trucks, Trundle, Tscheffely, Tschiffely, Tucker, Turner, Valdemar, Valdenar, Veirs, Veitch, Vermillion, Viers, Viett, Vincent, Vinson, Vinton, W, Wade, Wadsworth, Wagner, Walker, Wallace, Wallingford, Wallis, Walters, Ward, Warfield, Warren, Warthen, Washington, Waters, Watkins, Watts, Webster, Weir, Welch, Weller, Welsh, Werowance, West, Wetherald, Wetherall, Whalen, Wheatley, White, Whitehouse, Whiteside, Whiting, Whitten, Wickham, Wicks, Wilcoxen, Wilkening, Wilkinson, Willard, Willett, Williams, Williamson, Willing, Willson, Wilson, Windan, Windham, Windsor, Wolfe, Wood, Woodcock, Woodward, Wootten, Wootton, Worthington, Xander, Yarkund, Yeabower, Young, Zeigler, Zerknitz,