DMK Heritage

History of Queen Anne's County

QUEEN ANNE'S COUNT

MARYLAND

ITS EARLY HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT

A SERIES OF SKETCHES

BASED UPON ORIGINAL RESEARCH

BY FREDERIC EMORY

ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN THE

CENTREVILLE OBSERVER 1886-1887

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

I. TOPOGRAPHY, SOIL AND PRODUCTS

II. INDIAN TRIBES OF QUEEN ANNE'S

III. EARLY AGRICULTURE-THE TOBACCO TRADE POPULATION AND RESOURCES OF THE COUNTY

IV. EARLY SETTLEMENTS - OLD LOCALITIES, ETC.

V. FIRST SETTLERS AND THEIR HOMES

VI. OLD MANNERS AND CUSTOMS-THE LABOR SYSTEM -ANCIENT HOSTELRIES

VII. PUBLIC ROADS AND FERRIES-EARLY MAILS- -HORSE RACING AND OTHER AMUSEMENTS

VIII. KENT ISLAND, THE OLDEST SETTLEMENT IN MARYLAND

IX. ARRIVAL OF LORD BALTIMORE'S COLONY

X. KENT ISLAND UNDER LORD BALTIMORE.

XI. EARLY SETTLERS OF KENT ISLAND - LAND GRANTS, ETC

XII. KENT ISLAND COUNTY

XIII. FORMATION OF QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY.

XIV. COLONIAL REPRESENTATION OF QUEEN ANNE'S IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.

. XV. EARLY COURTS OF THE COUNTY.

XVI. COLONIAL CHURCHES.

Christ Church, Kent Island.

St. Paul's Parish-Old Chester Church.

Old Wye Church

St. Luke's, Church Hill

Tuckahoe Chapel-St. John's Parish. .

The Methodist Denomination.

Methodist Protestant Churches

XVIII. QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY ALMSHOUSE.

. XIX. QUEEN ANNE'S IN THE REVOLUTION.

XX. EARLY TOWNS REMOVAL OF COUNTY SEAT.

. XXI. FOUNDING OF CENTREVILLE - LAYING OUT THE TOWN- THE COURT HOUSE, MARKET HOUSE, AND JAIL - TOWN GOVERNMENT

XXII. POLITICAL EVENTS FROM THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR TO THE WAR OF 1812

XXIII. INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL CONDITION OF THE COUNTY DURING THEFIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY FARMING METHODS AND AGRICULTURAL FAIRS - HORSE RACING, COCK FIGHTING AND OTHER AMUSEMENTS - POST ROADS AND TAVERNS - THE FIRST STEAMBOAT

XXIV. QUEEN ANNE'S IN THE WAR OF 1812

XXV. FROM THE CLOSE OF THE WAR OF 1812 TO THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR

XXVI. POLITICAL HISTORY FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR TO THE PRESENT TIME 91887).

XXVII. CHANGES IN THE COUNTY'S APPEARANCE - FORMATION OF DISTRICTS - PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS BRIDGES, CANALS, STEAMBOATS, RAILROADS - NEWSPAPERS, BANKS, SOCIETIES, ETC

CORRIGENDA

 

Abbot, Abbott, Acton, Adams, Adamses, Aikin, Aires, Aisquitt, Aker, Alday, Aldred, Alexander, Alfred, Allehard, Allen, Altham, Anderson, Andrews, Anthony, Appleford, Archer, Arlet, Arlett, Armer, Armor, Armour, Armstrong, Arnold, Arters, Asbury, Ashbrook, Ashcom, Ashford, Ashhurst, Ashley, Aspril, Atkinson, Atsoncon, Atwood, Audley, Augustine, Auld, Avers, Aydelott, Ayers, Ayles, Ayres, Ayscue, Baggs, Bagster, Bailey, Baird, Baker, Balkely, Ball, Ballentine, Bamber, Bampton, Banbury, Banckes, Band, Banks, Banning, Bannister, Barber, Barclay, Barcus, Barnes, Barns, Barre, Barroll, Barron, Bartlett, Barton, Barwick, Basha, Batcher, Bateman, Bates, Bathurst, Baxter, Bayard, Bayley, Baynard, Bayne, Beach, Beard, Beaton, Beatty, Beaven, Beaver, Beck, Beckler, Beckles, Beckwith, Bedford, Beedle, Bell, Bellamy, Belson, Belt, Belton, Bennet, Bennett, Benson, Benton, Bentons, Berry, Beswick, Bett, Betton, Bettons, Betts, Bewley, Bianco, Biddle, Bidnall, Bidnell, Biggs, Biles, Bingham, Birch, Bird, Birney, Biscoe, Bishop, Bishopp, Blackiston, Blackwell, Blades, Blair, Blake, Blakes, Blame, Blaney, Blangey, Blany, Blay, Blizzard, Blunt, Bodurtha, Boehm, Bolton, Boog, Booker, Boon, Boone, Bordley, Bordleys, Boteler, Boulsover, Bouncell, Bourke, Bourkes, Bowen, Bowers, Bowie, Bowles, Bowyer, Boyd, Boyer, Bozman, Bracco, Braddock, Bradford, Bradley, Bradnox, Bradshaw, Brady, Brainthwait[e], Brainthwaite, Brancks, Bready, Breckinridge, Breese, Brent, Brice, Briggs, Bright, Brittain, Brittam, Britten, Britton, Broaday, Broadrib, Broadway, Bromwell, Brooke, Brooks, Brown, Browne, Browns, Bruce, Bruff, Bruner, Bryan, Bryans, Buchanan, Buck, Bulkeley, Bullen, Burchinal, Burdon, Buren, Burgess, Burgesses, Burk, Burke, Burn, Burnett, Burns, Bush, Busick, Bussum, Busteed, Butcher, Butler, Cacy, Cadwallader, Cahall, Cahoon, Cain, Calder, Calhoun, Callaghan, Callahan, Callahane, Callaway, Calliway, Calvert, Calverts, Cam[p]bell, Camden, Camell, Campbell, Camper, Canine, Cannon, Cant, Cantt, Cantwell, Carline, Carlyen, Carman, Carmichael, Carmichall, Carpender, Carr, Carradine, Carroll, Carrow, Carsey, Carsons, Carter, Cartwright, Carvill, Carville, Casey, Cass, Cassell, Casson, CATRUP, Chaires, Chairs, Chamberlain, Chamberlaine, Chambers, Chandler, Chaplain, Chaplin, Charlton, Chase, Chatham, Cheatle, Cheezum, Chester, Cheston, Chetham, Chew, Chews, Chilton, Chiton, Claggett, Claiborn, Claiborne, Clampson, Clapham, Clark, Clarke, Clash, Claughton, Claxton, Clay, Clayborne, Clayland, Clayton, Claytons, Cleaves, Clemens, Clement, Clements, Cleveland, Clinton, Cloak, Cloake, Clobery, Clouds, Clough, Clows, Clymer, Coburn, Cockburn, Cockey, Cockin, Codd, Coke, Coker, Colbert, Colclazer, Colder, Cole, Coleman, Colesford, Colgan, Collier, Collins, Colt, Combs, Comegies, Comegys, Comerford, Comins, Commins, Compton, Connelly, Conner, Connolly, Connor, Constable, Cook, Cooke, Cooper, Cope, Copedge, Copeland, Copes, Copley, Coppage, Coppages, Copper, Coppidge, Corkran, Corner, Cornwaleys, Cornwallis, Corrie, Corthey, Cosden, Costin, Cotton, Cottrell, Countiss, Coursey, Covington, Cowan, Coward, Cownes, Cox, Coxe, Coxes, Craighill, Crane, Crawley, Creswell, Cribb, Crisfield, Critchett, Crittenden, Cromwell, Croney, Crosby, Cross, Crossley, Crouch, Crouse, Croutch, Crowne, Cruffer, Crump, Crumpton, Crumton, Culbreth, Culler, Cummings, Cummins, Cunningham, Currie, Curtis, Cushing, Custis, Dailey, Dainty, Dames, Dandy, Darden, Darding, Dashiell, Davenport, David, Davidge, Davidson, Davies, Davis, Dawson, Day, Dean, Deanne, Deborre, DeButts, DeCourcy, DeCourcys, DeCoursey, Deering, Deford, Dehinoysta, Dehorty, DeKalb, Dempster, Denison, Dennis, Denny, Denton, DeRochbrune, DeRochebrune, Devorix, Deward, D'Hinoysta, Dickenson, Dickinson, Dickson, Diggins, Dillon, Dimond, Dingle, Dix, Dixon, Doane, Dockery, Docura, Dodd, Dodson, Donnell, Dorsey, Douglass, Dowie, Downes, Downeses, Downing, Downs, Doyle, Drafle, Drane, Drinkhouse, Driver, Drummond, Ducatel, Duclairacq, Dudley, Dudleys,, Duffey, Duffy, Duhadaway, Duhamel, Dukes, Dulaney, Dumm, Dunbar, Dunbracco, Dunk, Dunkin, Dunlop, Dunmore, Dunn, Durden, Durding, Dure, Duvall, Dyer, Dyott, Eagle, Eagley, Eareckson, Earickson, Earle, Earles, Easton, Ebes, Eccleston, Eden, Edgar, Edmondson, Edmonston, Edwards, Elbert, Eliot, Ellet, Elliot, Elliott, Elliotts, Ellis, Elston, Elstone, Eltonhead, Embark, Embert, Emerson, Emmerson, Emory, Emorys,, England, Enoch, Erdman, Eriany, Erickson, Ernbert, Errickson, Erving, Etherington, Eubanks, Eustis, Evans, Evanson, Evelin, Evelyn, Everett, Everiott, Everist, Everitt, Evett, Ewbark, Ewell, Fagon, Fairbanks, Faithful, Falconer, Fallowfield, Farraday, Farrell, Farrow, Faulkner, Fauntleroy, Feddeman, Fendall, Ferguson, Ferrel, Fiderman, Field, Fillmore, Findlay, Findley, Finley, Finney, Fisher, Fisse, Fitzhugh, Fitzpatrick, Fitzsimmons, Fleet, Flint, Flip, Flower, Flowers, Flynn, Fogwell, Foley, Followfield, Fontleroy, Ford, Foreman, Forman, Formans, Forrester, Fosnocht, Foster, Foutch, Fowler, Fox, Foxe, France, Franklin, Frazier, Freshwater, Frisb, Frisby, Fuller, Gaades, Gadd, Gaines, Gale, Gales, Gallaudet, Gamble, Gardner, Garfield, Garland, Garnett, Garrard, Garrettson, Garsaway, Gary, Gatch, Gatchell, Gates, Geddes, Geldersen, Gemet, Genalles, George, Georges, Gibbs, Gibson, Gilbert, Gilder, Giles, Gill, Gillespie, Gilmoret, Gilpin, Gist, Gittings, Givin, Glandin, Glanding, Glantham, Glanville, Gleaves, Glen, Glenn, Glever, Godman, Godwin, Goldsboro, Goldsborough, Goodhand, Goodman, Goodwin, Gordon, Gorsuch, Gough, Gould, Gouldesborough, Gouldesburry, Goulson, Grabill, Grace, Graham, Grandlet, Granger, Grant, Grantham, Grason, Gravener, Gravenor, Gray, Grayson, Green, Greenbank, Greene, Greener, Greenfield, Greentree, Greenwood, Gregg, Gresham, Griffin, Griffith, Groome, Grove, Grundy, Gummery, Gunby, Gushing, Guthrie, Guy, Gwin, Gwinn, Hackett, Hacketts, Haddaway, Hailes, Hale, Hales, Hall, Hallam, Hambl(e)ton, Hambleton, Hamel, Hamer, Hamilton, Hamilton,, Hammond, Hancock, Hand, Handcock, Hands, Handy, Hanna, Hannah, Hanson, Hardcastle, Harding, Hare, Harford, Hargadine, Harman, Harper, Harrington, Harris, Harrises, Harrison, Harrisons, Harryman, Hart, Hartley, Hartly, Harvey, Harwood, Haskins, Haslet, Haslett, Hassett, Hatch, Hatcheson, Hawkins, Hawkinses, Hawks, Hay, Hayden, Hayes, Hayward, Hazel, Hazlitt, Hazzard, Heacock, Head, Heath, Helm, Hemsley, Hemsleys, Henchy, Henderson, Hendman, Henrix, Henry, Herbert, Herett, Hernsley, Heron, Herrick, Herrington, Hester, Heward, Hewett, Hewits, Hewitt, Heyward, Hickery, Hickey, Hicks, Higgins, Higginson, Hill, Himmelright, Hindman, Hinds, Hines, Hinson, Hix, Hobbs, Hobbses, Hobin, Hobson, Hocker, Hodges, Hodson, Hogan, Hogg, Holding, Holdson, Holland, Hollingsworth, Hollingsworths, Hollman, Hollyday, Hollydays, Holmes, Holt, Holters, Holton, Homer, Honey, Hood, Hooper, Hopkins, Hopper, Hoppers, Horgan, Horken, Horn, Horner, Horsley, Horton, Hosier, Hotchkiss, Hough, Houghton, Houston, Howard, Howe, Howell, Howit, Hud, Hudson, Huett, Huff, Hughey, Hughlett, Hum, Humphreys, Humphries, Hunter, Hurlick, Hurlock, Huss, Hussey, Hutcheson, Hutchin[g]s, Hutchings, Hutchins, Hutchinson, Hyatt, Hyde, Hyder, Hynson, Hysore, Iliff, Ilive, Ills, Ingersoll, Ingle, Ireland, Irvine, Irving, Ivy, Jackson, Jacobs, James, Jarman, Jarrel, Jarrell, Jarrett, Jay, Jeffers, Jefferson, Jenifer, Jenings, Jenkenson, Jenkins, Jenkinson, Jester, Johns, Johnson, Johnston, Joiner, Jones, Jordan, Jordon, Judwin, Jump, Jumptor, Jurey, Kean, Keane, Kearney, Keating, Keedy, Keene, Keene,, Keets, Keirn, Keller, Kelley, Kemp, Kenerdine, Kenley, Kenly, Kennard, Kennedy, Kenniman, Kenny, Kent, Kerr, Kersey, Kerwick, Kesley, Keyme, Keyne, Keys, Kieren, Kilgore, Killet, Killion, King, Kinnamons, Kinnemont, Kinzer, Kirby, Kitteridge, Klinefelter, Knatchbull, Knight, Knobb, Knock, Knott, Knotts, Knowles, Knox, Kurtz, Lafayette, Lain, Lake, Lambdin, Lambert, Lance, Lane, Lang, Langdon, Langford, Lannin, Lant, Larkins, Larrimore, Larry, Latrobe, Laurenson, Law, Lawrence, Lawrenson, Lawson, Lay, Lea, Leager, Leary, Leason, Leatherby, Leaverton, Lee, Leedes, Leeds, Leegar, Lees, Legg, Leggatt, Leggs, LeGrand, Lemar, Lemarr, Lendrum, Lenehan, Lenox, Leonard, Leonardson, Lesage, Lewis, Lifeholly, Ligon, Lillingston, Lillingstons, Lincoln, Lindsey, Lingan, Linney, Linthicum, Litsinger, Little, Livermore, Lloyd, Lloyds, Lockerman, Lodge, Loller, Lombard, Long, Lorain, Loraine, Love, Loveday, Low, Lowe, Lowery, Lowman, Lowrey, Lowry, Lucas, Ludington, Lumbard, Lussell, Lyllingstone, Lynch, Macbeth, Mackall, Mackim, Macklin, Maclester, Maconick, Madison, Maginnis, Magraw, Mahar, Major, Malcolm, Mallalieu, Mamewood, Manck, Manderville, Mangum, Manlove, Mann, Manpin, Mansfield, Marine, Marsh, Marshall, Martin, Martindale, Mason, Massey, Mather, Matherchieff, Mathershaw, Matthews, Maxwell, Maynadier, Mayne, McAllister, McCabe, McCall, McClary, McCleary, McClellan, McClements, McClintock, McCloskey, McClyments, McCollister, McCollough, McComb, McConikin, McConnell, McConnikin, McConnor, McCosh, McCulloch, McCullough, McDaniel, McDonough, McElwee, McFadden, McFaden, McFarland, McFeeely, McFeeley, McFeely, McGear, McGinnis, McGuinniss, McGwigan, McHard, McIntyre, McKellip, McKenne, McKenney, McKenny, McKim, McKinnon, McKinsey, McLane, McMahon, McMordie, M'Comb, McPhail, McPherson, McQuay, McSherry, Mead, Meade, Meares, Meconikin, Medcalfe, Medford, Meeds, Megginnis, Meginness, Melson, Melvin, Merchant, Meredith, Merrick, Merrideth, Merritt, Merrydith, Metcalfe, Michael, Middleton, Midford, Miers, Milby, Mill, Miller, Millington, Mills, Mitchell, Mitchells, Moffet, Moffett, Moffitt, Molleson, Monnikin, Monroe, Montague, Montgomery, Moody, Moore, Moorehead, Morden, More, Morgan, Morris, Morrison, Moscarelle, Mottershead, Mountain, Mountney, Mullakin, Mullett, Mulliken, Mullikin, Mullineaux, Mummey, Munson, Murdoch, Murfey, Murphey, Murphy, Murray, Myers, Myreux, Nabb, Napier, Napley, Neal, Neale, Neall, Neavett, Neavitt, Needles, Neill, Neilson, Nelson, NERENEY, Nevell, Nevil, Nevill, Neville, Newbold, Newnam, Newton, Nice, Nicholas, Nicholls, Nichols, Nicholson, Nicholsons, Nicols, Nitholson, Noble, Noel, Norris, North, Norville, Noth, Nowell, Numbers, Nute, O'Bryan, O'Bryon, Odber, Odcroft, Offley, Ogle, Oldmixon, Oldson, O'Mealey, Onderdonk, Ormsby, Orrell, Osborn, Osborne, Otis, Owen, Oxenham, P[e]mberton, Paca, Pacas, Paget, Paine, Palmer, Palmers, Panior, Pardee, Park, Parker, Parks, Parnell, Parrott, Parry, Parvis, Pascall, Pascault, Pastorfield, Patrick, Patterson, Peabody, Peacock, Peale, PEARCE, Pearl, Pearson, Pease, Peck, Pedro, Pell, Pellew, Pellit, Pemberton, Penn, Pennington, Penns, Peregrine, Perkins, Perman, Perry, Personette, Peters, Pett, Phelps, Pheypo, Phillips, Philpott, Picard, Pickering, Pierce, Pierson, Pinder, Pinewell, Pinkind, Pinkney, Pinner, Pinwill, Pippen, Pippin, Pitt, Plantaganet, Plastoe, Plizard, Plowden, Plowman, Plummer, Polhampton, Polk, Pollentine, Ponder, Pooley, Pope, Porter, Posey, Poston, Potentine, Potter, Potts, Powell, Pratt, Pratts, Presstman, Preston, Prettyman, Price, Primrose, Prince, Prinfield, Prior, Probate, Pryor, Pulaski, Punny, Punnys, Purlivant, Purnall, Purnell, Pursley, Purviance, Putnam, Quigg, Quigley, Quimby, Quin, Quinn, Quinton, Raisin, Rakes, Randolph, Rash, Rasin, Ratcliffe, Rawleigh, Ray, Raymond, Read, Reamy, Redhead, Redman, Redue, Reed, Rees, Reese, Reid, Reuffert, Reynolds, Ricaud, Rice, Rich, Richards, Richardson, Richeson, Richmond, Ricketts, Ridgaway, Ridgely, Ridgeway, Ridgway, Ridout, Rigbey, Rigby, Rigg, Rightson, Ringgold, Risbrook, Roads, Roberts, Robertson, Robinett, Robins, Robinson, Robotham, Robothams, Robson, Roby, Rochester, Rochesters, Rodam, Rodgers, Rodham, Roe, Rogers, Rollinges, Rollins, Rolph, Roman, Rose, Roseberry, Ross, Rousby, Rouse, Routh, Rowlenson, Royden, Royston, Rren, Russell, Russum, Ruth, Rutter, Ryder, Ryland, Sadler, Salisbury, Salsbury, Salter, Sanders, Sartain, Satterfield, Saunders, Sayer, Sayers, Scandrett, Scarbrough, Scharf, Schley, Schubert, Scott, Scott,, Scovell, Scrivener, Scrivenor, Scull, Seabrook, Seager, Seale, Seaward, Sedgely, Seeders, Seegar, Sellers, Sellman, Seney, Seneys, Sepsen, Serjeant, Seth, Seward, Sewell, Sewells, Seymour, Shafer, Sharkley, Sharp, Sharpe, Sharpley, Shaw, Shawn, Shell, Shelton, Shepherd, Sheppard, Sherlock, Shermer, Sherwood, SHIELDS, Shinn, Shirley, Shoobrook, Short, Sides, Sideses, Sidney, Sills, Simms, Simpers, Simpson, Sims, Singleton, Sinnatt, Skegg, Skeiver, Skinner, Slaughter, Sluby, Small, Smallwood, Smith, Smithson, Smyth, Sneath, Snelling, Snow, Snowden, Soarden, Sorin, Sothern, South, Southerland, Southern, Spain, Sparks, Spence, Spencer, Spencers, Sprig, Spriggs, Spry, Sprye, Srandlet, St. Clair, St. John, Stagge, Stainton, Stanley, Stant, Stantor, Starkes, Starkey, Stearns, Steele, Steer, Stenson, Stent, Stephens, Stevens, Stevenses, Stevenson, Steward, Stewart, Stinson, Stirling, Stockett, Stockton, Stone, Stoops, Stopey, Storey, Story, Storys, Strahan, Strandberg, Straughn, Strawhan, Strayer, Streeter, Streets, Stringfellow, Strong, Stuart, Stubbs, Stump, Sturges, Sturgess, Sturman, Suders, Sudler, Sudlers, Sullivan, Sullivane, Sumpter, Sumption, Sutliff, Sutton, Swann, Sweat, Sweatnam, Sweetham, Swentzell, Swetenham, Swift, Sylvester, Sypherd, Tabor, Tagg, Talbot, Talbot,, Talbott, Taney, Tanner, Tarbutt, Tarbutton, Tarlo, Tarr, Tate, Tayloe, Taylor, Temple, Terry, Tharp, Thomas, Thomas,, Thomases, Thompson, Thompsons, Thorley, Thornton, Thurlo, Tilden, Tilghman, Tilghmans, Tillotson, Tims, Tipping, Todd, Tolson, Tomlins, Tovey, Townsend, Towson, Trapier, Triall, Troup, True,, Truitt, Tryall, Tschudy, TUCKER, Tuff, Tull, Tully, Turbutt, Turbutts, Turlo, Turloe, Turlos, Turner, Turpin, Turpins, Turtle, Tyler, Ungle, Urie, Valiant, Vallette, Valliant, Van Buren, Van Burkalow, Vanderford, Vanderin, Vansant, Varden, Vaughan, Veazey, Vener, Vickars, Vickers, Vincent, Virdin, Voorbees, Vorhees, Wade, Walker, Wallace, Wallis, Walls, Walsh, Walters, Waltham, Walton, Ward, Warde, Ware, Wareham, Warfield, Warner, Warren, Warthman, Washington, Waters, Watkins, Watson, Wattson, Webb, Webster, Wederstrandt, Weebe, Weedon, Weeks, Weigand, Welch, Weldy, Welles, Wells, Wellses, Welsh, Wesley, West, Westcott, Weston, Wetherell, Whatcoat, Wheeler, Whetstone, Whitbank, Whitby, White, Whitefield, Whiteley, Whitely, Whiteworth, Whitney, Whittingham, Whittington, Whittingtons, Whitty, Whyte, Wickersham, Wickes, Wicks, Wiggins, Wilcocks, Wild, Wiley, Wilimore, Wilkenson, Wilkins, Wilkinson, Williams, Williamson, Willis, Wills, Willson, Wilmer, Wilmers, Wilmore, Wilson, Winans, Winchester, Winder, Winfield, Winters, Withers, Wolfe, Wood, Woodal, Woodall, Woodalls, Woodeale, Woodford, Woods, Woolford, Woollahand, Woolley, Woolman, Woolton, Wooters, Woothers, Worcester, Workman, Worlocks, Worrell, Worrilow, Worton, Wostenholme, Wreach, Wreen, Wren, Wrench, Wright, Wrights, Wrightson, Wurrell, Wyatt, Wynell, Yarnall, Yeates, Yewell, Yoe, Youall, Young,