DMK Heritage

History of The Upper Country of South Carolina by Logan

HISTORY OF THE UPPER COUNTRY SOUTH CAROLINA,

FROM THE EARLIEST PERIODS

TO THECLOSE OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE.VOL. I

BY JOHN H. LOGAN, A. M.

PLUS Notes and Memos for Book II

This is a 657 page book with a 7 page index. Vol. 1 was published in 1859; then the Civil War started and the other two planed volumes were never published. However, in 1910 Logans; notes for his second book were published as part of the Historical Collections of Joseph Habersham Chapter of the DAR.

To our knowledge, this is the first time that the two have been put together. Logans first volume discusses in detail and stories the animals, Indians, trappers, Indian agents, and early times in the wilderness. Vol. 2 is mainly concerned with the Revolutionary War through narratives, letters, and other documents .

CHAPTER I

Early appearance of the Upper Country Uncultivated and unabused by the Indians The Upper Country defined The origin of its peculiar features and Soil The richness and magnificence Of its scenery Primitive beauties of the territory of Fairfield Opinion of Lord Cornwallis Wild Buffaloes, &c.

CHAPTER II

The Deer of Primitive Times --Their great abundance --Associated with many animals of prey, whose screams and howls at Night made the Forests hideous The Villages of Greenwood and Cokesbury- An Old Hunter-- John Duncan, of Duncans Creek --Ancient Buffalo and Deer Licks --The Meriwethers, Wardlaws, Moores Browns, McAlasters, and Logans, of Little Wilsons Creek --Idle and Disorderly Persons begin, just after the Revolution, to wander over the country, to the great annoyance of the peaceable residents -Legislative enactments in regard to them -The Indian method of dressing a Deer skin -The famous Bezoar stones of the Cherokees Elks, &c.

CHAPTER III

The Panther Wild Cat --Adventure of Sally Whitaker in the present territory of York --The last Panther seen on Long Cane --Old John Ravelin and Capt. John Sanders --The Catamount --Adventure on Indian Creek --The Wolf Adventure of Robert Long on Duncans Creek Old James Mosely near Grindals Shoals, &c.

CHAPTER IV

Fish exceedingly abundant in the Upper Country--Ancient shoals of Herrings --Old Legislative enactment for the protection of Shad Fisheries in Broad, Saluda, Ennoree, Tiger and Pacolet Rivers, and Stevens Creek, of Edgefield -The Fish Sluice Law violently enforced --Incident at Loricks Mill, on the Saluda --The Historian Adair and Indians harpooning Sturgeon in Savannah River, &c.

CHAPTER V

The Rattlesnake -Its powers of fascination -An object of veneration to all the tribes of the Continent -This curious fact probably connected in some way with their origin as a people Cosmogony of the Cherokees or their notions of the worlds creation Great Rattlesnakes seen by Bernal Diaz in Mexico Beautiful tradition of the Algonquins, with whom the Cherokees were allied by blood-- Curious account of the Horn Snake, &c.

CHAPTER VI.

Conjectures in relation to vast mineral wealth in Upper Carolina Old French and Spanish miners The gold mania of that treasure-seeking age The restless energy born of the love of money more efficient for good than money Treasures not essential either to the support or the progress of truth, &c.

CHAPTER VII.

The primitive Hunter, Cow Driver and Indian Trader of Upper Carolina Patrick and William Calhoun -The Business of Stock raising- Cow pens -The thorough bred Horses of Colonial times The Statute of 1700 relating to Horses The Wild Horses of Carolina Old Jesse Gladden. &c.

CHAPTER VIII.

The Indian Trader Old Anthony Park Doughierty the first trader among the Cherokees Peltries and Pack horses First legislative Act in relation to the trade The character of the traders The Governor of Carolina interested in the traffic Alexander Cameron The first Board of Commissioners. &c.

CHAPTER IX.

The sites of ancient Cherokee towns abounding in Upper Carolina--The original limits of the Nation defined The divisions of Ayrate and Otarre, Upper and Lower Cherokee Statistics of the Nation, extracted from an original paper copied in London Catalogue of towns. with the names of a few of their chiefs Seneca, Tugaloo, Keowee, Mudlick; Coronaka and Johnsons Creeks, &c.

CHAPTER X.

First Packs of Goods sent up by the Board to the Cherokee Towns --Col. James Moore and Charite Hayge, the Great Conjurer of Tugaloo They agree upon a Commercial Treaty -A Trading Post and Fort to be erected at the Congarees -John Sharp and Sam Muckleroy Incursions of the Yamassees from Florida, &c.

CHAPTER XI.

Unprincipled white men the originators of most of the disturbances that afflicted the trade No class more safe in the Nation than horse thieves and pilferers The declaration, in regard to these abuses, of Anthony Dean, a Trader singularly learned and sagacious The Traders become too numerous They compete with one another as pedlers and skulking hucksters of tries and intoxicating liquors The office of Agent either discontinued or of no practical efficiency Blakeney Chicken, Hastings and Charles worth Glover Punch houses are set up on the border The Indians become more and more idle and depraved The profits of the trade fall off, &c.

CHAPTER XII.

The Pack horsemen employed in the Trade The Great Chickasaw Incursions of the Creeks into the Territory of the Cherokees and Catawbas--Description of a Caravan of Pack horses Old Fort Charlotte George Whitfield, nephew of the celebrated Rev. George Whitfield John Lewis Gervais -The Wedding at White Hall Andrew Williamson The Chickasaw Path between Charleston and Savannah Town Peter St. Julien -The Old Savannah Trail connecting the Cherokee Towns with Savannah Town and Augusta The Founding of Augusta, 1736 -Bartram visits it in 1776 His Description of the ruins of Fort Moore, &c.

CHAPTER XIII.

The Abuses already detailed, not the only source of Disorder and Disaffection in the Nation France fiercely competes with England for the Sovereignty of the West The advantageous position of the former firmly established in Canada and in the Mississippi Valley--Her magnificent Schemes Finesse, and indomitable Energy -The English to be circumscribed, harassed and, if possible, driven from the Continent Upper Carolina exposed to French Emissaries, and menaced by encroaching French Settlements. &c.

CHAPTER XIV

James Adair, the Trader and Historian his valuable History of the Southern Indians Charleston Library Colonel John Galphin A narrative of adventures and hair breadth escapes in the life of Adair.

CHAPTER XV

French Policy and Intrigues continued The Mountain Barriers of Upper Carolina the key to the Province Cherokees account of the first appearance among them of French Emissaries Francis Nicholson The English strangely indifferent to the dangerous encroachments of the French The wonders and extent of the Great Valley, little apprehended by the settlers on the Atlantic Gov. Nicholson meets the Cherokees in Council. &c.

CHAPTER XVI

The results of Gov. Nicholsons Treaty They are soon rendered valueless by the successful Intrigues of the French The English begin to be sensible of their danger Active Emissaries once more at work among the Cherokees Gov. Middleton dispatches Col. Chicken to the Nation, to counteract their Influence Adairs description of Herberts Spring, near the Tugaloo The Over hill Towns encourage the French.

CHAPTER XVII

Traders from Virginia continued A Deputation from the Over hills, headed, it appears, by the famous Ataculaculla, goes to Williamsburg -The Gov. of Virginia gives them an encouraging Answer A hostile spirit towards Carolina manifest in the Nation The Board cuts off their supplies of ammunition The Over hills in direct correspondence with the French, &e..

CHAPTER XVIII

The bank of Johns Creek the probable site of Fairchilds Stockade Fort The facts in the case Description of the remains, discovered on the plantation, of P. D. Klugh, Esq. Old John Youngblood and Wm. Buchanan A search for hidden treasures; the excavation still visible on the ancient site of the fort The old Johns Creek settlement, &c.

CHAPTER XIX

Gov. Glens Great Council with the Cherokee Chiefs, in Charleston Attaculaculla makes the first speech The Governor replies Long Jack and other Chiefs follow Certain Savannah Indian in the town jail become the subject of an angry debate The Chiefs depart for their Towns Incident on the Path rear Saluda Old Town, &c.

CHAPTER XX

The favorite object of Governor Glen accomplished The Obligations of the public man and private citizen prompt Vigorous Resistance to Wrong Little Carpenter begins to rise in importance His character Supplants Old Hop as Great Beloved Head man of the Nation The responsibilities, and timid, temporizing policy of Gov. Glen wonderfully suggestive of present political troubles and obligations Many new and interesting revelations from the old MS. Records in Columbia, &c.

Index:

Abercrombie, Adair, Adams, Adamson, Alexander, Alford, Allen, Allison, Allisons, Alston, ANDERSON, Archimagus, Ash, Attaculaculla, Bakers, Baldridge, Ball, Bancroft, Barksdale, Barnetts, Barnwell, Barret, Bartram, Bates, Beadon, BEAL, Beamer, Beard, Beatie, Beaver, Beckham, Beggs, Benn, Beresford, Berry, Black, Blackbird, Blackeney, Blackstock, Blakeney, Blanding, Blasangame, Blassengam, Bobo, Bogan, Bonn, Boone, Boscawen, Bosomworth, Bowen, Bowie, BOWRIE, Boyd, Boyle, Braddock, Brailsford, Brandon, Bratton, Bray, Brown, Browns, Bryan, Buchanan, Bull, Bunyon, Burgess, Busby, Bush, Butler, Butter, Byrd, Caesar, Caldwell, Calhonn, Calhoun, Calhouns, Camden, Cameron, Campbell, Canacaugh, Canachte, Canasaita, Capt. Flint, Carnes, Carr, Carroll, Carrouth, Carson, Carter, Casey, Chalmers, Chambers, Charlesworth, Cheesto Kaiehre, Chester, Chick, Chicken, Chronicle, Chuchachoo, Chulochculla, Chumroheke, Clark, Clarke, Clea, Clendenen, Clendennen, Clendennin, Cleveland, Clinton, Cloud, CLOWNEY, Clugoitosh, Cochran, Cocket, Coffee, Colcock, Coleman, Colvill, Colwell, Compton, Consaponaheso, Cook, Cooper, Copeland, Corane, Cornels, Cornwallis, Corry, Cox, Crabtree, Crafton, Crawford, Crawfords, Crawly, Creig, Crell, Creswell, Croman, Cromer, Crosby, Crosley, Crow, Crowley, Cruger, Cue, Culbertson, Cumming, Cunningham, Curry, Daniel, Dansby, Dark Lantern, Darlsley, Dauge, Daugherty, Davidson, Davie, Davis, Dawkins, Daymond, Dayton, De LIsle, De Soto, Dean, Deas, Demere, Dennis, DeSoto, Dettipoole, Diaz, Dickson, Dillard, Dinwiddie, Dooley, Dougherty, Douglass, Dow, Downes, DOWNS, Draper, Drayton, Dryden, Dugan, Duncan, Dunlap, Dysart, Earl, East, Easterwood, Edghill, Edmondson, Edwards, Ellet, Elliott, Elliotte, Ellis, Ellison, Emory, Evans, Ewing, Ezekiel, Fair, Fairchild, Fairfield, Farr, Farrow, Feemsters, Fenwick, Ferguson, Fincher, Finley, Finsley, Fitch, Flannagan, Fletcher, Fletchfall, Forbes, Ford, Foster, Fox, Frances, Francis, Frazer, Friday, Galahau, Galphin, Gamaliel, Garcellasso, Gaston, Gates, Gawdy, Geiger, George, Gervais, Gibson, Gill, Gillam Gist, Glen, Glover, Golding, Gondelock, Goodwin, Gordon, Goudy, Gould, Gouldelock, Goulds, Gowdies, Gowdy, Gower, Graham, Grant, Graves, Gray, Great Tellico, Green, Greene, Greer, Gregory, Griffin, Grows, Guist, Gulphin, Guttery, Hagler, Hall, Hambright, Hames, Hamilton, Hammond, Hammonds, Hampton, Hamright, Hanes, HANNAH, Hare, Harris, Harrison, Hart, Hastings, Hatchford, Hatton, Hauk, Hayes, Hayge, Henderson, Hendersons, Henry, Hewit, Hewitt, Hill, Hillhouse, Hodge, Hodges, Hohenlinden, Holston, Homes, Hood, Hook, Hopkins, Hoskins, Houston, Houstons, Howard, Howe, Howell, Howsufto, Hoy, Huger, Hughes, Humphreys, Hunter, Hutchinson, Hutton, Imlay, Inman, Innis, Irwin, Izard, Jaccutee, Jack, Jackson, Jameson, Jamieson, Jamison, Jamisons, Jefferies, Jefferson, Jeter, John, Johnny, Johnson, Johnston, Joliet, Jolly, Jollys, Jones, Junes, Kellar, Keller, Kelly, Kennard, Kennedy, Kilgore, Kinsman, Klugh, Kughtmann, La Salle, Lacey, Laird, Langley, Lantague, Lantiquae, Lantrip, Laurens, Lawson, Leadbetter, Lee, Leland, Leonard, Leslie, Lewis, Liddel, Liddle, Linch, LITTLE, Little Carpenter, Little Conjurer, Livingston, Logan, Logans, Lomond, Long, Long Jack, Low, Lowe, Lucas, Lusk, Lyle, Lyles, Lyleses, Lyon, Lyttleton, Mabry, Mackay, Mackey, Manabozho, Marion, Marquette, Marshall, Martin, Mather, Mathews, Mathis, Maxwell, May Maybin, Mayfield, MAYSON, McAden, McAlasters, McCall, McCamie, McCants, McCarty, McClure, McColloch, McCool, McCord, McCords, McCoy, McCrery, McDaniel, McDaniels, McDonald, McDowell, McElwee, McElwees, McFunkin, McFunkins, McGillivray, McGilvery, McGowen, McGrow, McIlwaine, McKay, McKemey, McKittrick, McLure, McNees, McWhorter, MEANS, Meek, Meeks, Meng, Mercer, Meriwether, Meriwethers, Middleton, Miler, Miller, Milligan, Milling, Mills, Milner, Minnick, Moffett, Money, Moore, Moors, Morgan, MOSELEY, Mosely, Mosly, Moss, Mott, Motte, Mouzon, Moytoy, Mucklerath, Muckleroy, Murphy, Murray, Musgrove, MUSROVE, Myddelton, Myrick, Neal, Neall, Neel, Neely, Neil, Nellewagalehe, Newell, Newton, Nicholson, Nick, Nixon, Noble, Nobles, Norris, Nott, OBrian, Oconaco, Odle, Oglethorpe, Old Hop, Onaloee, Oosqualooyaie, Oruste, Osquosoftoi, Otterson, Ousteneca, Outerbridge, Overby, Overton, Owasta, Owen, Palmer, Park, Parker, Parr, Parrot, Parsons, Pasquereau, Patridge, Patterson, Payne, Pearl, Pearson, Pendleton, Pert, Peterson, Phillips, Pickens, Pickett, Pierce, Pinckney, Pitt, Ponder, Poor, Porter, Pratt, Prescott, Prevost, Priber, Prince, Prioleau, Probat, Probert, Puckett, Puliam, Purves, PURVIS, Radcliff, Raiford, Rainey, Ramsay, Ramsey, Randall, Raneage, Ransom, Rapley, Ravelin, Raven, Rawdon, Ray, Reed, Reid, Retters, Rhett, Rhodes, Richardson, Ridge, Ritchey, Rivers, Roberson, Robert, Roberts, Robertson, Robeson, Robinson, Robuck, Roebuck, Rogers, Ross, Rosser, Rowells, Russell, Rutledge, Rutledges, Saddler, Salamon, Salvador, Sananulohoo, Sanders, Sanhoe, Sapold, Savages, Saxon, Scaife, Scarlett, Scholloloskie, Scotts, Seabrook, Sehoy, Sehoy Marchand, Sellider, Senf, Sevier, Sharp, Shaw, Shearers, Shelby, Shellito, Shetter, Shilleto, Simmons, Simonds, Simonton, Simpson, SIMS, Sinnawa, Skiacow, Skiagunsta, Skiagusta, Skiogusta, Slunge, Smallwood, Smith, Spaulding, St. Julian, St. Julien, St. Pierre, Stains, Stanwood, Stark, Starke, Starr, Steel, Steen, Steuart, Stevens, Stewart, Strother, Stuart, Sumpter, Sumter, Swain, Swing, Syles, Tacitee, Taggart, Tally, Tarleton, Tarlton, Tarrant, Tassite, Tatom, Taylor, Tennent, Tennison, Thomas, Thompson, Thomson, Thurston, Toole, Townsend, Trible, Tuckeorufteke, Turnbull, Turner, Tutt, Tyler, Tyles, Usteneca, Ustinca, Van Binkel, Vernon, Vivier, Walker, Walkup, Wallace, Wallis, Wardlaw, Wardlaws, Washington, WATERS, Watson, Webb, Weir, West, Weston, Weyniss, Whitaker, White, White Captain, Whitehead, Whitfield, Wiggon, Wilcox, Wilkinson, Williams, Williamson, Willison, Wilson, Winn, Winnsmith, Winsmith, Woodward, Wright, Wrosetasato, Xualla, Yahoma, Yellow Bird, Yorhalehe, Young, Youngblood, Zimmerman,